What’s the worst type of pneumonia? A very common think of an affected pneumatic patient. Don’t be afraid of your illness. Hope you will get rid of pneumonia soon, but now we will go through a short look at pneumonia before knowing the worst type of pneumonia.
Pneumonia is an acute disease. Pneumonia is marked by inflammation of lung tissue affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli and often bronchioles with fibrinous exudate (Composed of serum, fibrin, and white blood cells) which is difficult in breathing. Normally it caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi, where bacterial is the most common type in adults.
If one’s got pneumonia he/she may cough, fever, and difficulty in breathing. In most cases, pneumonia can treat from home within 2-3 weeks. Older adults, baby’s or people with another disease may become very ill for which may need to hospitalized.
Symptoms of pneumonia
The symptoms of pneumonia vary from mild to severe and may cause life-threatening. You should know about the symptoms of pneumonia to get an idea that you are affected by pneumonia or not! But remember that it’s not confirmation about your illness, it’s just for your consciousness about your health.
The Incubation period for pneumonia relies upon the type of organism causing the illness, just as attributes of the patient, for example, their age and overall health status. Most instances of pneumonia start with indications like those of cold or seasonal influenza that last more than this season’s virus (around seven to 10 days) and become more serious. The indications of pneumonia can happen from a couple of days to seven days following influenza-like side effects.
Symptoms may include-
Fever, sweating and chills (Chills, Lower than normal body temperature)
Nausea, Vomiting and Diarrhea
Shortens of breathing or fast heart beat
Shaking and teeth chattering
Confusion or mental weakness
Loss of appetite
According to age and general health symptoms may vary-
Fast breathing and wheezing may found in under 5 years old children.
Vomit, lack of energy and trouble of drinking or eating may found in infants.
And in older person confusion or low body temperature may found.
Causes of pneumonia
Many germs are responsible for causing pneumonia-like Bacteria, viruses, fungus, or parasites. The most common is Bacteria and virus. Usually, the body prevents these germs from infecting the lungs. When the germs overpower the immune system, pneumonia grows.
The most common type of bacterial pneumonia is called pneumococcal pneumonia. Pneumococcal pneumonia is caused by the Streptococcus pneumoniae germ that normally lives in the upper respiratory tract. It infects over 900,000 Americans every year.
Bacterial pneumonia can happen all alone or create after you’ve had a viral cold or this season’s virus. Bacterial pneumonia regularly influences only one section, or projection, of a lung. At the point when this occurs, the condition is called lobar pneumonia. Those at most serious danger for bacterial pneumonia incorporate individuals recuperating from a medical procedure, individuals with respiratory illness or viral disease, and individuals who have weakened immune systems.
Types of Pneumonia
Doctors have found more than 30 causes of pneumonia and they are grouped by the causes. From them, some are the worst type of pneumonia. The main types of pneumonia are…
Viral pneumonia is typically a milder disease and symptoms occur gradually. However, it’s important to note that viral pneumonia can sometimes be further complicated when a bacterial infection develops at the same time or following viral pneumonia.
Viral Pneumonia can be transmitted through fluid after someone sneezes or coughs. Symptoms of this strain of pneumonia include dry cough, fever, shortness of breath, and possibly pain in the chest when breathing. Antibiotics won’t treat viral pneumonia, because they work only on bacteria. The most common treatment for this type of pneumonia is antiviral medication as well as symptomatic treatment.
Bacteria cause most cases of community-acquired pneumonia in adults. Bacterial pneumonia often occurs in people over the age of 65 as well as in people with asthma or heart disease. Much like viral pneumonia, it has symptoms that include high fever, green or yellow mucus, and chills.
You can catch pneumonia when someone who is infected coughs or sneezes. bacteria-filled droplets get into the air, where you can breathe them into your nose or mouth. Antibiotics are the most frequently used way to treat bacterial pneumonia.
Fungi from soil or bird droppings can cause pneumonia. They most often cause pneumonia in people with weakened immune systems.
Pneumonia can also be classified by where it is acquired — within the community or within a hospital or healthcare setting. Pneumonia acquired from a hospital or healthcare setting is often more dangerous because you’re already sick or unwell.
The worst type of Pneumonia
Now we will come to the question’s answer what is the Worst type of Pneumonia! Bacterial pneumonia is often the more severe and the worst type of pneumonia according to the researchers. Symptoms can either develop gradually or come on suddenly and can affect one or many lobes of the lung. When multiple lobes of the lungs are affected, the person typically requires hospitalization. Complications such as bacteremia can also occur.
Risk factors of pneumonia
Pneumonia can affect anyone but there are two age groups whose are the highest risk of attack. From these Community-acquired pneumonia guidelines, you will know about the risk factors of pneumonia–
Children age under 5 years
People older than 65 year
Other risk factors are-
Consuming large amount of alcohol
Chronic disease like asthma, COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) or heart disease
Impaired immune system like HIV, AIDS or cancer
Recently recovered from a cold or influenza infection
Complication of pneumonia
One’s may face some complication like-
Difficulty in breathing: If the patient can not able to take oxygen properly which called difficulty in breathing then he should be hospitalized to use a breathing machine.
Bacteria in the bloodstream: If the bacteria from the lung enters into the bloodstream then it may cause organ failure.
Fluid accumulation around the lung: If fluid accrued in the thin space between layers of tissues in the line of the lung then the fluid becomes infected and should drain the fluid through a chest tube or removed by surgery.
When call a doctor for pneumonia
The faster one go for treatment, the faster he/she will be recover. Well-
If one’s fell chest pain with squeezing
Difficulty in breathing
Cough with blood
Feels faint with breathlessness
If got fever of 101°F (38.3°C) or more with breathlessness then he/she call doctor
Prevention of pneumonia
There’s have a talk that “Prevention is better than cure” , for that we should try to prevent pneumonia as well-
There are two different vaccines to prevent pneumococcal disease.
Number 1: Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine or Prevnar
Number 2: Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine or Pneumovax
Those two vaccines used to both children and adult depending upon their condition.
It is normally included as part of an infant’s routine immunizations. And it is recommended for children under two years and over 65 years people.
It is recommended for both children and adults whose are mostly highest risk of pneumococcal infections.
- Practice good hygiene
- Avoid smoking
- Enough sleep, regular exercise with good healthy diet.
If the patient follow up some rules of Community-acquired pneumonia guidelines then he/she could be treated from home as it’s the best-
Take drugs as doctor prescribe
Get plenty of rest
Take plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration
Regular checking by doctor
No need to go school or work very early
Should remind that though nowadays pneumonia is not very dangerous disease although it’s no less dangerous for children or adults. Because out of 6 children there are 1 have been died every year who suffers pneumonia. So everyone should aware of the worst type of pneumonia carefully and should contact the doctor immediately if needed for being treated.