Tennis elbow syndrome, causes, and treatment

Tennis elbow syndrome has no single syndrome, but there have multiple syndromes of tennis elbow. We know you are looking for the Tennis elbow syndrome, but before that, we will look through detail about tennis elbow. After that, we will know about the syndrome of tennis elbow!

Tennis elbow is also known as Tendonitis elbow, lateral epicondylitis, Epitrochlear bursitis, epicondylitis. It is a kind of tendinitis that cause pain within the elbow and arm. Swelling may occur if tennis elbow happened. There are two epicondyles at humerus –

1) Lateral epicondyle

2) Medial epicondyle.

Tennis elbow elbow exposed laterally so clinically it’s another name is lateral epicondylitis.

If someone feels pain at the outside of the upper arm laterally near the elbow then it may be called tennis elbow. The tendons are bands of tough tissue that connect the muscles of the lower arm of the bone. When excessive use of the muscle like any repetitive gripping activities occurs small tears develop in the tendon. Over time this leads to irritation and pain where the tendon is attached to the bone. Despite its name is tennis elbow, it can happen also if you never go tennis court. People between 30-40 years old are commonly affected by tennis elbow.

There are many treatment options for lateral epicondylitis. In most cases, treatment involves a team approach. Primary doctors, physical therapists and, in some cases, surgeons work together to supply the foremost effective care.

Anatomy of Tennis elbow

Your elbow may be a joint made from three bones: your upper long bone (humerus) and therefore the two bones in your forearm (radius and ulna). There are bony bumps at the rock bottom of the humerus called epicondyles, where several muscles of the forearm begin their course. The bony bump on the surface (lateral side) of the elbow is named the epicondyle.

Muscles, ligaments, and tendons hold the elbow together. Lateral epicondylitis involves the muscles and tendons of the forearm that are liable for the extension of the wrist and fingers. Your forearm muscles extend your wrist and fingers. The tendon usually involved in lateral epicondylitis is named the Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis (ECRB).

Causes of Tennis elbow

Tennis elbow usually develops over time. Doing repetitive activities can strain the muscles and put too much stress on the tendons.

Incorrect technique can cause the facility within the swing of a racquet to rotate through and around the wrist. This creates a movement on the wrist rather than the elbow or shoulder. this will increase pressure on the tendon and cause irritation and inflammation.

Tennis elbow is related to the extension of the fingers and therefore the carpus. This can be the type of movement that permits the person to “snap” or flick the carpus, like throughout a sports implement swing.

A short list of cause of Tennis elbow syndrome…

Tennis elbow might result from-




Weight lifting




Using shears while gardening

Tennis elbow syndrome

The most common syndrome of tennis elbow are-

Pain in the outside of the outer forearm just below the elbow (Over the lateral epicondyle)


Mild swelling

Weak grasp

When tennis elbow may cause the most pain

Lift something

Open a door or shake hands

Rise hand or straighten the wrist

Throwing objects.

Pull up a heavyweight object

Maximum confirmation of tennis elbow

If you feel pain in the forearm

  • During turn a doorknob
  • When you try to grip an object
  • During drink when you go to hold a coffee cup

Risk Factors

Diabetes mellitus (DM)


Tennis player

When should contact tennis elbow patient with a doctor

Call for an appointment with your provider if-

This is the primary time you’ve got had these symptoms

Home treatment does not relieve the symptoms.


A health care examiner will ask the patient about the sign and symptoms and will suggest testing for assuring the problem.

The test may be-

X-ray for right and left elbow (Both view)

RBS test


The good news is a tennis elbow patient can recover easily without any doubt. Some NSAID drugs and physiotherapy should take to recover.

Icing the elbow

Using an elbow strap

Taking NSAIDs (Nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs)

Performing range of motion exercise

Having injections of steroids or pain killers to a temporary reduction of swelling and pain.

And most effective Physiotherapy or Physical therapy.

Physiotherapy aims to achieve –

Reduction of elbow pain

Restoration of normal joint range of motion and performance

Facilitation of tissue repair

Restoration of normal muscle strength, length, and movement patterns.

Normalisation of upper limb neurodynamics

Normalisation of cervical joint function.


WebMd , MayoClinilic, Physiopedia , Many More….!

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