May 19, 2021

Gray’s anatomy latest edition pdf free download

Gray’s anatomy latest edition pdf is now on its way to being 160 years old. The book of gray’s anatomy is a rarity in textbook publishing in having been in continuous publication on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, since 1858. One and a half centuries is an exceptionally long era for a textbook. Of course, the volume now is very different from the one Mr. Henry Gray first created with his colleague Dr. Henry Vandyke Carter, in mid-Victorian London. In this introductory essay, I shall explain the long history of Gray’s, from those Victorian days right up to today.

Gray’s anatomy latest edition pdf of the 41st edition has been meticulously revised and updated throughout, reflecting the very latest understanding of applied anatomy from field leaders around the world. The book’s traditional lavish art program and clear text are further honed and enhanced, while major advances in imaging techniques and therefore the new insights they carry are fully captured in new state-of-the-art X-ray, CT, MR, and ultrasonic images.

In 1858, Drs. Henry Gray and Henry Vandyke Carter created a book for his or her surgical colleagues that established an everlasting standard among anatomical texts. After quite 150 years of continuous publication, Gray’s Anatomy remains the definitive, comprehensive reference on the topic, offering ready access to the knowledge you would like to make sure safe, effective practice.

The completely reconfigured accompanying eBook version is richly enhanced with additional content and media, covering all the body regions, cell biology and embryogenesis. This unlocks an entire new level of related information, interactivity and understanding, keep with the spirit of innovation that has characterized Gray’s Anatomy since its inception.

  1. Presents the foremost detailed and dependable coverage of anatomy available anywhere.
  2. Regional organization collects all relevant material on each body area together in one place, making access to core information easier for clinical readers.
  3. Anatomical information is matched with key clinical information where relevant.
  4. Numerous clinical discussions emphasize considerations which will affect medical aid.
  5. Each chapter has been edited by experts in their field, ensuring access to the very latest evidence-based information thereon topic.
  6. More than 1,000 completely new photographs, including an in depth electronic collection of the newest X-ray, CT, MR, and histological images.
  7. The downloadable Expert Consult eBook version included together with your purchase allows you to look all of the text, figures, references and videos from the book on a spread of devices.
  8. Carefully selected electronic enhancements include additional text, tables, illustrations, labeled imaging and videos – also as 24 specially invited ‘Commentaries’ on new and emerging topics associated with anatomy.

Your purchase entitles you to access the online site until the subsequent edition is published, or until the present edition is not any longer offered purchasable by Elsevier, whichever occurs first. If a subsequent edition is published but one year after your purchase, you’ll be entitled to online access for one year from your date of purchase. Elsevier reserves the proper to supply an appropriate replacement product (such as a downloadable or CD-ROM-based electronic version) should access to the online site be discontinued.

Preface of Gray’s anatomy latest edition pdf

‘Anatomy is that the basis of medical discourse.’ – (Hippocrates, Delocis in homine2)

Looking through an almost complete set of the previous editions of Gray’s Anatomy, I am struck by the marked difference in size between the primary and fortieth editions. That progressive increase in girth has occurred at an equal rate with ground-breaking advances in basic science and clinical medicine over the past 155 years. Anatomy has become a far wider discipline than Henry Gray, Henry van Dyke Carter or any of their students could have envisaged. Fields like cell biology, genetics, neuroanatomy, embryology, and bioinformatics either had not emerged or been in their infancy in 1858. Techniques that today inform our view of the interior landscape of the body – like specialized sorts of light and electron microscopy; imaging modalities, including X-rays, resonance imaging, computerized tomography and ultrasonography; the utilization of ‘soft’ perfusion techniques and frozen-thawed, embalmed cadavers for dissection-based studies; and therefore the advances in information technology that enable endoscopic and robotic surgery and facilitate minimally invasive access to structures previously considered inaccessible – were all unknown.

As each development entered mainstream scientific or clinical use, the new perspectives on the body it afforded, whether at the submicroscopic or macroscopic level, filtered into the pages of Gray’s Anatomy: for instance, the introduction of X-ray plates (twenty-seventh edition, 1938) and electron micrographs (thirty-second edition, 1958).

In the Preface to the primary edition, Henry Gray wrote that ‘This Work is meant to furnish the scholar and Practitioner with an accurate view of the Anatomy of the physical body, and more especially the appliance of this science to Practical Surgery.’ We remain faithful to his intention. Appropriate knowledge of clinically relevant, evidence-based anatomy is an important element within the armamentarium of a practicing clinician; indeed, ‘If anything, the relevance of anatomy in surgery is more important now than at the other time within the past’ (Tubbs, in Preface Commentary, which accompanies this volume).

In my Preface of Gray’s Anatomy to the fortieth edition, I intimated that the book was quite literally in peril of breaking its binding if any longer pages were added. so as to avoid this unfortunate occurrence, the forty-first edition contains a big amount of fabric that’s exclusively electronic, within the sort of 77,000 words of additional text, 300 artworks and tables, 28 videos, and 24 specially invited commentaries on topics as diverse as microscopy and fluorescence microscopy; the neurovascular bundles of the prostate; stem cells in regenerative medicine; the anatomy of facial aging; and technical aspects and applications of diagnostic radiology. Keep with the expectation that anatomy should be evidence-based, the forty-first edition contains more references within the e-book than might be included within the thirty-ninth and fortieth printed editions.

Gleeson, Ariana Smith, Jonathan Spratt, Mark Stringer, Shane Tubbs, Alan Wein and Caroline Wigley brought a wealth of scholarship and knowledge as anatomists, cell biologists and clinicians to their roles as Section Editors. I thank them for his or her dedication and enthusiastic support, in selecting and interacting with the authors in their Sections and for meeting deadlines, despite the ever-increasing demands on their time from university and/or hospital managers. Pat Collins, Girish Jawaheer, Richard Tunstall and Caroline Wigley worked closely with many authors to update the text and artworks for organogenesis, pediatric anatomy, evidence-based surface anatomy and microstructure, respectively, across Sections 3 to 9. Jonathan Spratt acted as both a neighborhood Editor (thorax) and an indefatigable ‘go to’ for sourcing images throughout the book; within the latter capacity, he has produced an outstanding collection of additional labelled images, available within the e-book (see Bonus imaging collection). Over 100 highly experienced anatomists and clinicians contributed text, often extensively revised from the previous edition, and/or artworks, original micrographs or other images to individual chapters.

Download Gray’s anatomy latest edition pdf

Contents of Gray’s anatomy latest edition pdf

Preface

Preface Commentary: The continuing relevance of anatomy in current surgical practice and research, R Shane Tubbs

Acknowledgements

Contributors

Historical introduction: A brief history of Gray’s Anatomy, Ruth Richardson

Anatomical nomenclature

Bibliography of selected titles

Section 1 – CELLS, TISSUES AND SYSTEMS

Section Editor: Caroline B Wigley

  1.  Basic structure and function of cells, Abraham L Kierszenbaum
  2.  Integrating cells into tissues, Caroline B Wigley
  3.  Nervous system, Helmut Kettenmann
  4.  Blood, lymphoid tissues and haemopoiesis, Andrew JT George
  5.  Functional anatomy of the musculoskeletal system, Michael A Adams
  6.  Smooth muscle and the cardiovascular and lymphatic systems, Jeremy PT Ward
  7.  Skin and its appendages, John A McGrath, Joey E Lai-Cheong

Commentaries…

  1. Fluorescence microscopy in cell biology today, Dylan M Owen
    1.  Stem cells in regenerative medicine, Jonathan M Fishman, Paolo De Coppi, Martin A Birchall
    1.  Merkel cells, Ellen A Lumpkin
    1.  Metaplasia, Jonathan MW Slack, Leonard P Griffiths, David Tosh
    1.  Electron microscopy in the twenty-first century, Roland A Fleck
    1.  The reaction of peripheral nerves to injury, Rolfe Birch

Videos …

Video 1.1 – Mitosis in a cell with fluorescently-labelled chromosomes and microtubules, Jonathon Pines, Daisuke Izawa

Video 1.5.1 – Diagnostic histopathology by electron microscopy, Roland A Fleck

Video 1.5.2 – Serial block face scanning electron microscopy (SBFSEM), Roland A Fleck

Section 2 – EMBRYOGENESIS

Section Editor: Patricia Collins

  •  Preimplantation development, Alison Campbell, Patricia Collins
  •  Implantation and placentation, Eric Jauniaux, Graham J Burton
  •  Cell populations at gastrulation, Patricia Collins
  •  Embryonic induction and cell division, Patricia Collins
  •  Cell populations at the start of organogenesis, Patricia Collins
  •  Early embryonic circulation, Patricia Collins
  •  Pre- and postnatal development, Patricia Collins, Girish Jawaheer
  •  Development of the limbs, Cheryll Tickle

Commentaries…

2.1 Human anatomy informatics, Jonathan BL Bard, Paul N Schofield

2.2 An evolutionary consideration of pharyngeal development, Anthony Graham, Victoria L Shone

Videos…

Video 8.1 – Human in vitro fertilization and early development, Alison Campbell

Video 9.1 – Ultrasound features of the maternal placental blood flow, Eric Jauniaux

Video 14.1 – Ultrasound features of the fetus at 26 weeks, Jonathan D Spratt, Patricia Collins

Section 3 – NEUROANATOMY

Section Editor: Alan R Crossman

  1.  Overview of the nervous system, Alan R Crossman, Richard Tunstall
  2.  Development of the nervous system, Zoltán Molnár
  3.  Ventricular system and subarachnoid space, Jacob Bertram Springborg, Marianne Juhler
  4.  Vascular supply and drainage of the brain, Paul D Griffiths
  5.  Spinal cord: internal organization, Monty Silverdale
  6.  Brainstem, Duane E Haines
  7.  Cerebellum, Jan Voogd
  8.  Diencephalon, Ido Strauss, Nir Lipsman, Andres M Lozano
  9.  Basal ganglia, Tipu Aziz, Erlick AC Pereira
  10.  Cerebral hemispheres, Guilherme C Ribas

Commentary…

3.1 The resting human brain and the predictive potential of the default mode network, Stefano Sandrone

Videos…

Video 18.1 – Interactive 3D rotation of the subarachnoid space, Jose C Rios

Video 18.2 – Interactive 3D rotation of the ventricles and cisterns, Jose C Rios

Video 19.1 – Rotational angiography of an intracranial aneurysm, Paul D Griffiths

Section 4 – HEAD AND NECK

Section Editor: Michael Gleeson

  •  Head and neck: overview and surface anatomy, Michael Gleeson, Richard Tunstall

Head and Neck

  •  External skull, Sue Black
  •  Intracranial region, Juan C Fernandez-Miranda
  •  Neck, John C Watkinson, Michael Gleeson
  •  Face and scalp, Simon Holmes

Upper Aero digestive Tract

  •  Oral cavity, Barry KB Berkovitz
  •  Infratemporal and pterygopalatine fossae and temporomandibular joint, Barrie T Evans
  •  Nose, nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses, Claire Hopkins
  •  Pharynx, Stephen McHanwell
  •  Larynx, Stephen McHanwell
  •  Development of the head and neck, Gillian M Morriss-Kay

Special Senses

  •  External and middle ear, Michael Gleeson
  •  Inner ear, David N Furness
  •  Development of the ear, Susan Standring
  •  Development of the eye, Jane C Sowden
  •  Orbit and accessory visual apparatus, John G Lawrenson, Ronald H Douglas
  •  Eye, Ronald H Douglas, John G Lawrenson

Commentaries…

4.1 Surgery of the skull base, Juan C Fernandez-Miranda

4.2 The role of three-dimensional imaging in facial anatomical assessment, Vikram Sharma, Bruce Richard

4.3 Anatomy of facial ageing, Bryan C Mendelson, Chin-Ho Wong

Videos…

Video 28.1 – 3D surface rotation of the sella turcica in the horizontal plane, Michael D Luttrell

Video 28.2 – 3D surface rotation of the sella turcica in the multiaxial plane, Michael D Luttrell

Video 28.3 – 3D surface rotation of the sella turcica in the vertical plane, Michael D Luttrell

Video 30.1 – Pan-facial fractures, Simon Holmes

Video 30.2 – Postoperative cranio-orbital imaging, Simon Holmes

Video 30.3 – A comminuted zygomatic fracture (plus Le Fort I) pattern, Simon Holmes

Video 30.4 – A comminuted zygomatic fracture pattern – post reduction, Simon Holmes

Video 32.1 – Temporomandibular joint arthroscopy demonstrating intracapsular anatomy of the joint, Gary Warburton

Video 32.2 – Endoscopic anatomy of the infratemporal and pterygopalatine fossae, Carl H Snyderman, Juan C Fernandez-Miranda

Video 4.2.1 – 3D anatomical imaging of the face, Vikram Sharma

Section 5 – THE BACK

Section Editor: Neel Anand

  •  Back, Eli M Baron, Richard Tunstall
  •  Development of the back, Bodo EA Christ, Martin Scaal
  •  Spinal cord and spinal nerves: gross anatomy, Eli M Baron

Commentary…

     5.1 Minimally invasive surgical corridors to the lumbar spine, Y Raja Rampersaud

Section 6 – PECTORAL GIRDLE AND UPPER LIMB

Section Editor: Rolfe Birch

  •  Pectoral girdle and upper limb: overview and surface anatomy , Rolfe Birch, Richard Tunstall
  •  Development of the pectoral girdle and upper limb, Cheryll Tickle
  •  Shoulder girdle and arm, Simon M Lambert
  •  Elbow and forearm, Leela C Biant
  •  Wrist and hand, Alistair C Ross

Commentaries…

6.1 Injuries of the supraclavicular brachial plexus, Rolfe Birch

6.2 Nerves at risk from musculoskeletal injury, Rolfe Birch

6.3 Thoracic outlet syndromes, Rolfe Birch

Videos…

Video 46.1 – Upper limb surface anatomy, Rolfe Birch

Video 50.1 – Movements of the hand, Rolfe Birch

Video 50.2 – Wrist block: surface anatomy, Dominic Harmon

Section 7 – THORAX

Section Editor: Jonathan D Spratt

  •  Thorax: overview and surface anatomy, Jonathan D Spratt, Richard Tunstall
  •  Development of the thorax, Andrew Bush (lungs), Patricia Collins (thoracic walls), Antoon FM Moorman (heart)
  •  Chest wall and breast, Thomas Collin, Julie Cox

Lungs and Diaphragm

  •  Pleura, lungs, trachea and bronchi, Horia Muresian
  •  Diaphragm and phrenic nerves, Marios Loukas

Heart and Mediastinum

  •  Mediastinum, Horia Muresian
  •  Heart, Marios Loukas
  •  Great vessels, Marios Loukas

Commentaries… 

7.1 Technical aspects and applications of diagnostic radiology, Jonathan D Spratt

7.2 Endobronchial ultrasound, Natalie M Cummings

Video…

Video 52.1 – Animation of the pattern of contraction of the early heart tube, Antoon FM Moorman

Section 8 – ABDOMEN AND PELVIS

Section Editor (Abdomen): Mark D Stringer

Section Editors (Pelvis): Ariana L Smith and Alan J Wein

  •  Abdomen and pelvis: overview and surface anatomy, Mark D Stringer, Ariana L Smith, Alan J Wein,Richard Tunstall
  •  Development of the peritoneal cavity, gastrointestinal tract and its adnexae, Patricia Collins
  •  Anterior abdominal wall, Michael J Rosen, Clayton C Petro, Mark D Stringer
  •  Posterior abdominal wall and retroperitoneum, Alexander G Pitman, Donald Moss, Mark D Stringer
  •  Peritoneum and peritoneal cavity, Paul H Sugarbaker

Gastrointestinal Tract 

  •  Abdominal oesophagus and stomach, Hugh Barr, L Max Almond
  •  Small intestine, Simon M Gabe
  •  Large intestine, Peter J Lunniss

Abdominal Viscera 

  •  Liver, J Peter A Lodge
  •  Gallbladder and biliary tree, Mark D Stringer
  •  Pancreas, Mohamed Rela, Mettu Srinivas Reddy
  •  Spleen, Andy Petroianu
  •  Suprarenal (adrenal) gland, Nancy Dugal Perrier

Urogenital System  

  • 72.   Development of the urogenital system, Patricia Collins, Girish Jawaheer, Richard M Sharpe
  •  True pelvis, pelvic floor and perineum, John OL Delancey
  •  Kidney and ureter, Thomas J Guzzo, Drew A Torigian
  •  Bladder, prostate and urethra, Serge Ginzburg, Anthony T Corcoran, Alexander Kutikov
  •  Male reproductive system, Marc Goldstein, Akanksha Mehta
  •  Female reproductive system, Lily A Arya, Nadav Schwartz

Commentaries 

      8.8 The neurovascular bundles of the prostate, Robert P Myers

      8.2 Real-time microscopy of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract and the hepatobiliary–pancreatic system during endoscopy, Martin Götz

Videos…

Video 63.1 – Surgical exploration of the peritoneal cavity, Paul H Sugarbaker

Video 75.1 – Laparoscopic view of bladder fi lling and emptying in relation to the rectovesical pouch, Serge Ginzberg, Anthony T Corcoran, Alexander Kutikov

Video 75.2 – Laparoscopic view of anterior abdominal wall and ligaments, Serge Ginzberg, Anthony T Corcoran, Alexander Kutikov


Section 9 – PELVIC GIRDLE AND LOWER LIMB

Section Editor: R Shane Tubbs

  •  Pelvic girdle and lower limb: overview and surface anatomy, Nihal Apaydin, Richard Tunstall
  •  Development of the pelvic girdle and lower limb, Cheryll Tickle
  •  Pelvic girdle, gluteal region and thigh, Mohammadali M Shoja
  •  Hip, Donald A Neumann
  •  Knee, Brion Benninger
  •  Leg, Robert J Spinner, Benjamin M Howe
  •  Ankle and foot, Anthony V D’Antoni

Commentaries…

     9.1 Nerve biomechanics, Kimberly S Topp

     9.2 Functional anatomy and biomechanics of the pelvis, Andry Vleeming, Frank H Willard

      9.3 Articularis genus, Stephanie J Woodley

Videos…

    Video 78.1 – Lower limb surface anatomy, Rolfe Birch

    Video 84.1 – Ankle block: surface anatomy, Dominic Harmon

Index

BONUS IMAGING COLLECTION

Section 2

    2.1 Human oocyte undergoing fertilization, cell division, blastocyst development and hatching in vitro

Section 3

    3.1 MRI head: axial T2-weighted

    3.2 MRI head: coronal T2-weighted

    3.3 MRI head: sagittal T2-weighted

Section 4 

    4.1 CT neck: axial post-IV contrast

    4.2 CT neck: coronal post-IV contrast

Section 7

    7.1 CT chest, abdomen and pelvis: axial post-IV contrast

    7.2 CT chest, abdomen and pelvis: coronal post-IV contrast

    7.3 CT chest, abdomen and pelvis: sagittal post-IV contrast

Section 8

    8.1 MRI male pelvis: axial T1-weighted

Section 9

    9.1 MRI male pelvis: coronal T1-weighted

Eponyms

Historical bibliography: References cited in earlier editions, up to and including the thirty-eighth edition

Authors

Susan Standring

Emeritus Professor of Anatomy, Head of Anatomy and Human Sciences, King’s College London, London, UK.

Product details

Publisher: Elsevier: 41st edition (October 9, 2015)

Language: English

Hardcover: 1562 pages

ISBN-10: 0702052302

ISBN-13: 978-0702052309

Item Weight: 10.52 pounds

Dimensions: 9.7 x 2.5 x 12 inches

Best Sellers Rank: #581,040 in Books

Amazon Price: 82.07$ (Free Shipping)

Purchase: Buy Gray’s anatomy 42nd edition

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One thought on “Gray’s anatomy latest edition pdf free download

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