ADHD in Babies: Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment

What You Should Know About ADHD in Babies

ADHD is a behavioral disorder marked by hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inability to concentrate or pay attention. It is common in childhood and has an impact on academic performance, relationships, and daily functioning. Between 4% and 12% of youngsters have ADHD, and it’s twice as likely to be detected in boys than girls.

ADHD is harder to diagnose in younger children.

According to the Academy of American Pediatrics (AAP), it is difficult to diagnose children with ADHD when they are under the age of four since there are so many developmental changes that happen to children in their early years of life. However, a 2019 study published in European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry discovered that indications of ADHD can be identified as early as infancy. According to the Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, signs of ADHD can be observed as early as toddlerhood.

Signs and Symptoms

Again, ADHD is not usually recognized as a disorder until a child is older, usually age four or up.There are currently no criteria for identifying ADHD based on signs and symptoms present during the newborn years. However, there is limited evidence that some traits in infants may signal an ADHD diagnosis in the future. 

For example

You may discover that your baby’s temperament is more demanding.

Your kid may show signs of a language delay, especially between 9 and 18 months old.

Your kid may show evidence of motor delays between the ages of 9 and 18 months.

You may describe your infant as “difficult,” fussy, or a “handful.”

As your kid approaches their toddler years, there may be more indicators of ADHD

You may notice that your toddler has difficulty concentrating and focusing.

You could notice that your kid can’t stop moving and is hyperactive.

You may discover that your youngster is more impulsive than other toddlers their age.

How to Focus with ADHD

Causes and Risk Factors ADHD doesn’t have a single cause. A child’s ADHD is usually caused by a number of variables occurring simultaneously. According to the Academy of American Pediatrics (AAP), some of these causes can include Genetics ADHD frequently runs in families, so genetics could be at play. For example, if your child has ADHD, one of their parents is 25% likely to have it as well. If one sibling has it, another is likely to have it as well.

Brain Function

Different parts of the brain regulate our ability to pay attention and focus. People with ADHD may have decreased levels of function in various regions of the brain.

Head Injuries

If your child suffered a serious head injury, it could lead to their ADHD diagnosis. Prenatal Environment and Prematurity What happens during pregnancy and childbirth can raise your child’s chance of ADHD. Birthing parents who consume alcohol or smoke are more likely to have a child diagnosed with ADHD. Babies born prematurely are more likely to develop the disorder.

Lead and other toxins

In rare situations, your child’s exposure to chemicals in their surroundings, particularly lead exposure, can raise their risk of developing ADHD. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, dietary allergies, food dyes, and sugar do not raise the risk of ADHD. Causes and Risk Factors for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Diagnosis Even if you notice possible symptoms, your infant will not be diagnosed with ADHD. First of all, newborns change and develop quite a bit in those first few years, so indicators like fussiness, excessive crying, or any other worrisome behaviors may subside over time. Although your baby cannot yet be diagnosed with ADHD, you should discuss any concerns you have about your baby’s symptoms with your pediatrician so that you can both stay informed and continue to check for ADHD indicators as your baby grows.

Most children are diagnosed throughout elementary school.

If your baby’s symptoms remain as they get older, you may be able to bring them in for an ADHD diagnosis. Again, this normally happens after your child’s fourth birthday, though many kids don’t get formally diagnosed with ADHD until elementary school. Your child’s pediatrician or a child psychologist will evaluate them to see if they have ADHD. Your youngster must meet specific requirements to be diagnosed. If your child is between the ages of 4 and 17, they must demonstrate at least six ADHD symptoms as stated in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Signs include particular signs of impulsivity, inattention, and hyperactivity. These symptoms must be present in at least two places, which could be school, home, and during social events.

Symptoms must have lasted longer than 6 months. 

Symptoms must create severe disturbances in your child’s life. Checklist for ADHD Symptoms in Kids and Treatment Options Infants can be watched for ADHD, but not diagnosed or treated. If your child is diagnosed with ADHD, his or her care team will develop a treatment plan. Once diagnosed, common treatments for ADHD in children include:2. Support parents in creating an atmosphere and structure that meets their child’s needs. mAppropriate placement in academic contexts to meet a child’s needs Psychostimulant medicines, such as Ritalin, Adderall, and Dexedrine, are extremely helpful in treating ADHD.

Leave a Reply